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Basic security

It's not possible to prevent any and all cyber attacks, but there are things you can do. Cyber experts and security firms continue to insist that basic security actions can make a big difference, not only for individual internet users but also for companies and organizations: recognize and warn about phishing, use strong passwords and two-factor authentication (2FA), and patch and update systems in a timely manner.

  • We advise companies and organizations to develop, update and test a (cyber) emergency plan on a regular basis. It is important for every employee to know what to do in the event of a cyber incident. (Webinar on cyber incidents: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-cHcTidmT1Y)
  • Keep contact lists up to date and also store them on paper.
  • Enlist assistance from an external partner/firm if necessary. Make arrangements for this in advance.
  • Use two-factor authentication (2FA) whenever possible, both on individual accounts, and on the company's or organizations' social media accounts. 
  • Make sure your systems are up to date and always make sure to keep relevant and necessary backups offline.

For a full overview of security measures, consult the Cyberguide https://cyberguide.ccb.belgium.be/en

Checklist to quickly bolster your security

Preventing ransomware or wiperware

Mitigate DDoS attacks

  • Be prepared for a DDoS attack. Check that your Internet-facing systems are adequately protected against a DDoS attack.
  • Watch out for other attacks that "hide" behind the DDOS attack.
  • There are services and products that help mitigate a DDoS attack. Assess whether the use of such services is relevant to your organization.
  • Read our full paper here: https://www.cert.be/nl/paper/ddos-bescherming-en-preventie

Identify phishing in a timely manner

  • Watch out for possible phishing attacks.
  • Make employees aware that unusual communications from professional contacts are also suspicious.
  • Ask employees to report suspicious emails to the IT department.
  • Always forward suspicious messages to suspicious@safeonweb.be

Detect disinformation campaigns quickly

  • The spread of disinformation through hacked channels is a threat. Watch out for possible misuse of your organization's public communication channels (websites and social media)
  • Monitor activity on your organization's social media accounts. Look out for suspicious and anomalous login attempts. Use two-factor verification.
  • Remind employees to be careful when sharing information on social media.

Detect anomalous activities in your professional networks

Find and update vulnerable systems

  • Follow our advice and warnings on cert.be
  • Check key systems and internet-facing systems for known vulnerabilities.
  • Also pay extra attention to commonly used vulnerabilities, e.g.. Log4j. https://www.cert.be/en/warning-active-exploitation-0-day-rce-log4j
  • In some cases, no update to address a vulnerability is available. In such cases, take mitigating measures, such as limiting access to a vulnerable system.

What to do after a cyber attack?